According to reports, round about 2,000 people died during the very hot summer of last year 2015 in Karachi Pakistan from the effects of heat stroke.
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Under certain circumstances, however, even young, healthy people can be affected, for example due to Over exercising at high ambient temperatures or by working under high heat load.
This diseases can occur when the body is exposed for too long to high temperatures. With heat stroke, the body temperature rises and can cause dizziness, nausea and unconsciousness.
In rare cases, this may lead to death. Especially the elderly and children have an increased risk of suffering a heat stroke.
The cause of heat stroke is in a prolonged direct sunlight on the unprotected head and neck. The heat radiation of sunlight can cause irritation of the meninges and the brain tissue.
This can lead to inflammation cause of the meninges (meningitis), which can permanently damage the brain result in particularly serious cases.
In a heat stroke, the body’s temperature regulation mechanisms fall out: The body is no longer able to release heat and cool the body through perspiration.
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Therefore, the skin of a heat stroke sufferers is hot, dry and very red – usually all over the body. Some other symptoms of heat stroke are as fallows.
- Significantly increased body temperature of over 40 degrees Celsius
- Weak but rapid pulse, headache.
- Nausea and vomiting,
- Restlessness and dizziness,
- Drop in blood pressure,
- Possible unconsciousness, convulsions or paralysis.
Heat stroke is an emergency situation! Call for the Rescue (emergency call 1122) without delay.
The prevention tips for disease are as fallows.
- Avoidance of direct sunlight, avoid the midday sun.
- Avoid unaccustomed physical effort during the greatest heat of the day.
- Drink sufficiently (through sweating lose fluids and electrolytes).
- Wear light clothing.
- Children have measured for large heads, they should wear a head covering (pay attention to air circulation).
If you suspect sunstroke at a person, you should perform the following actions:
- Bring the patient into the shadows. Place it flat on the floor and store the head and torso slightly higher.
- Cool the head and neck with damp, cool cloth or a cold compress.
- Call an ambulance if the person’s condition does not improve within a few minutes. If the person is unconscious, you should immediately contact a doctor.
- Watch the person until the arrival of the doctor carefully and check regularly consciousness and breathing.
- If the affected person is unconscious, you should bring them in the recovery position. Can you find no normal breathing, a cardiopulmonary resuscitation must be performed.
If the patient avoids the sun, the symptoms usually form within a few days back in full.
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However, it is important to take into account that the duration of a heat stroke from person to person may be different.
Heat Stroke in Urdu