According to the World Health Organization, people worldwide are chronically infected with HCV to 150 million.
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Hepatitis C is an inflammation of the liver that is caused by the HCV virus. The virus was discovered in 1989 and is among the RNA viruses whose genome consists of RNA.
Here below know about hepatitis C, symptoms, causes and treatment tips. From these tips you can identify disease in infected person and give him perfect care and treatment.
Hepatitis C is a viral infectious disease, which occurs worldwide. After infection with the hepatitis C virus can cause liver inflammation that can persist for life (in 5% of patients).
- The infection occurs mainly through contaminated blood or body fluids such as semen or breast milk.
The time between infection with the hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection and the onset of the disease, called the incubation period can range from 2 weeks to several months.
Disease often goes unnoticed and without typical signs and symptoms:
- Tiredness, General weakness.
- Headaches, Loss of appetite.
- Weight loss, Fever, Joint pain.
- Abdominal pain in the upper abdomen.
- Dark urine rarely, light colored bowel movements rarely in hepatitis C.
The virus is transmitted primarily through blood or blood contact but some common and major ways of transmission of hepatitis C virus are as fallows.
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1. The HCV is transmitted primarily through direct or indirect contact with blood, HCV is partially detected in other body fluids such as semen or milk.
2. Pregnant mothers can also transmit the HCV to the child what is called perinatal or vertical transmission during birth.
3. An infection is also possible with tattoos or body piercing if the current hygiene regulations are not adhered to.
4. Transmission over open wounds, razor blades or toothbrushes, as well as during sexual intercourse is possible but very unlikely.
For the treatment of hepatitis C, doctors especially interferon drugs and put a that inhibit the replication of the virus.
1. The therapy is an outpatient procedure in about 99% of cases. Only in case of complications, a hospital admission may be required.
Acute HCV treated with interferon. The treatment extends over 24 weeks. A transition to chronic hepatitis C can thus be prevented in over 85% of cases.
2. The treatment of chronic hepatitis C consists of a combination therapy of PEG-IFN-Alpha and Ribavirin. Ribavirin is a nucleoside analogue and acts virostatic (no killing, but inhibition of virus replication). Frequent laboratory monitoring is necessary because the drug tends to bone marrow suppression.
To prevent HCV transmission routes should be avoided. Caution is necessary in blood transfusions. 1 in 100,000 transfusions causing an infection with hepatitis C.
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A vaccine against HCV, there are not rules of conduct are even more important as the use of condoms or avoidance of already used needles in drug use.
Hepatitis C in Urdu